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Zanzibar Island - Pemba Island - Mafia Island - Kilwa

 

Area: 1,651 km2 (637 SQ MI)

 

 Zanzibar is actually an archipelago consisting of two
large islands, Unguja (Zanzibar Island)
and Pemba, plus several smaller islets. Zanzibar Island is steeped in Arabic history and is famous for its exotic spice industry and stunning white sand beaches.

Historic Zanzibar Stone Town has the main port of Zanzibar and is the main trading center. It is was home to both the Omani Sultans and colonial administrations as well as the current leadership. Stone Town is a world heritage site and well worth a visit.

Zanzibar was also the setting for the shortest war in history which occured in 1896 and lasted just 38 minutes before capitulation to the British navy. This marked the end of Zanzibar as a sovereign state.

There is a central forest (Jozani) with endemic Zanzibar Red Colobus Monkeys and mangrove swamps teaming with bird life. There is also the opportunity to swim with dolphins or to go to a butterfly farm. It is possible to arrange a sunset dhow trip and visits to the smaller islands, and of course no visit to Zanzibar would be complete without taking a Spice Tour to learn about the main traditional economy of the island. Scuba diving is also a big attraction, with good coral reefs around the island and several PADI-certified dive centres and schools.

Popular activities:

  • Historical Site Seen
  • Beach Relaxation
  • Scuba Diving & Snorkling
  • Spice Tours

Popular Areas:(..Click on them..)

 

 

 

 

 

 Accomodation in Zanzibar:

 


Stone Town Zanzibar

 
Kendwa Beach in east coast.

 

PEMBA ISLAND:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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Mafia Island Marine Park & Kilwa:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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Area: 882 kmē

 

Mafia Island is only a 30-minute flight south of Dar es Salaam and 20km off the Tanzanian coastline. Chole Bay and Kitutia Reef, two of the eight offshore marine parks are incorporated into the marine park.

The sea around Mafia hosts an outstanding mosaic of tropical marine habitats ranging through coral reefs, seagrass beds, mangroves and inter-tidal flats. Most of the marine park is less than 20 metres below tide levels.

For the expert and the novice diver or snorkeller, Mafia Island Marine Park offers dramatic underwater viewing with a wide variety of choices only 30 minutes from the hotel. Visibility is 20 to 25 metres from October to February dropping to 5-10 meters from June to September.

Over 2,000 species of fish from 150 families exist in the Western Indian Ocean and new species are being identified. Whether diving or snorkeling, their behaviour, colours, relationships to each other and to other marine organisms are an endless source of fascination.

 

Kilwa

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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The Ancient city state of Kilwa is only 10 minutes south by plane.

Amongst the most beautiful of cities, and elegantly built was the description of Ibn Battuta who arrived at Kilwa in 1331.

Battuta describes the city, its gardens, orchids and the mosque. The palace had many rooms and open courtyards as well as a circular swimming pool. Below the cliff was a gradually descending slope where boats would anchor at the palace.

Flora / Fauna

Coral reefs, sea grass beds, mangroves, inter-tidal flats, coastal forest.

Habitat

Dugong, gold-striped fusilier, cigar wrasse, queen coris, goldbar wrasse, grouper, barracuda, rainbow runner, blackspotted ribbontail ray, bluespotted ribbontail ray, eagle ray, manta ray, yellowfin tuna, kingfish, mackerel, bonito, cobia, reef shark, green turtle, hawksbill turtle, comores lesser flying fox, duiker, bush pig, mongoose, elephant, shrew.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



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